Magnesium is the lightest among structural metals, and its alloys are used for personal computers, mobile phones and other applications. In 2003, at Kumamoto University, we developed an innovative Mg alloy that is superior in both strength and heat resistance, called “KUMADAI heat resistant magnesium alloy”. Later, in 2012 we also developed “KUMADAI non-flammable Mg Alloy”. The development of these alloys is increasingly attracting attention from industries in Japan and around the world. Kumamoto University is currently advancing with the development of this material for expanded applications to a number of industries. For instance, using KUMADAI magnesium alloys in automobiles and airplanes enables reduction in carbon dioxide emissions and improvement in fuel efficiency making KUMADAI magnesium alloy an “ecologically friendly material”.
With the aim to make in Kumamoto University the R&D base for this magnesium alloy and in order to enhance the development of human resources and material research, the University has established the “Magnesium Research Center (MRC)”.
By developing basic and applied research to make maximum use of the light weight and other properties of magnesium alloy, we aim the development of alloys with future practical applications. Our organization has engaged in research targeting application to spacecraft, aircraft, high-speed railway cars, and automobile parts, and recently is conducting research involving application to medical care and welfare equipment such as stents. In addition, in recent years the Research Center has also been engaged in research on magnesium alloys with first-principles electronic structure calculation and solid dynamics calculation based on the finite element method as the primary approaches, and is promoting research aimed at achieving multiscale calculation material design linked to experiments.
We will construct a Yellow Sea Rim Magnesium Network (YSR Mg Network) to serve as an academic foundation for the development of materials manufacturing fundamental technologies, with the advanced technology of Kumamoto University Magnesium Research Center (MRC) in high-performance Mg alloys as a core technology from East Asia. To spread this technology worldwide, we will grow the network into a global one encompassing Europe, the US, and Oceania
As a venue for conducting joint research within the YSR Mg Network and with other researchers in Japan and overseas, we will establish an open laboratory within MRC to provide a research environment with state-of-the-art experimental equipment. We conduct the MRC Joint-Usage Research Subsidy program with the aim of constructing an international research hub by promoting the use of MRC facilities for magnesium-related joint research to research groups outside the university.
The research organization is composed of materials design division, materials characterization division, shape and properties control division, and materials integration division. These divisions cross beyond existing academic framework to address interdisciplinary issues as well. Our organization also collaborates with national and local government bodies and with companies, functioning as an advanced international hub for the development of magnesium.
|2001||Development of magnesium alloy containing long-period stacking-ordered structure phase (LPSO type magnesium alloy) by rapidly solidified powder metallurgy|
|2003||Development of cast LPSO type magnesium alloy (KUMADAI Magnesium Alloy)
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry “FY Regional Research & Development Consortium Project” (~2004)
Establishment of the Association of Magnesium Alloy Development and Processing in Kumamoto University
|2005||“Advanced Research Project B” of Kumamoto University has started.|
|2006||Japan Science and Technology Agency “Collaboration of Regional Entities for the Advancement of Technological Excellence (CREATE)” (~2011)|
|2009||MEXT in Japan “Special coordination funds for promoting science and technology: International Joint R&D” (-2011)|
|2010||Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry “Regional Innovation Creation R&D Program”|
|2011||Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology in Japan “Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas” (~2015)
Establishment of Kumamoto University Magnesium Research Center (MRC)
|2012||Development of non-flammable magnesium alloy (KUMADAI Non-flammable Magnesium Alloy)|
|2014||JSPJ “Strategic Young Researcher Overseas Visits Program for Accelerating Brain Circulation”(-2017).|
|2016||“International Research Core Program” of Kumamoto University has started.|
|2018||MEXT in Japan “Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas” Materials science on mille-feuille structure (MFS) (~2023)|
Development of magnesium alloy containing long-period stacking-ordered structure phase (LPSO type magnesium alloy) by rapidly solidified powder metallurgy